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Klasické španělské mandle neloupané, prvotřídní kvality a tradiční nasládlé chuti s jemně trpkým nádechem, představují oblíbené oříškové potěšení, plné zdraví prospěšných nenasycených mastných kyselin a dalších látek, a nepostradatelné v každé zdravé kuchyni. Ideální oříškový pamlsek kdykoliv během dne, či jako klasická přísada do müsli a na přípravu širokého spektra rozličných mandlových dobrot dle Vaší kulinářské fantazie.
Složení: Mandle*. *Produkt ekologického zemědělství
Ekologická produkce: Zemědělská produkce EU
Energetická hodnota: 2577 kJ (624 kcal) na 100 g.
Sacharidy: 5.4 g, (z toho cukr: 1.4 g), Tuky: 54.1 g, (z toho nasycené mastné kyseliny: 4 g, mononenasycené mastné kyseliny: 0 g, polynenasycené mastné kyseliny: 0 g), Vláknina: 13.5 g, Bílkoviny: 22.1 g, Sůl: 0.005 g
Reducing the risk of microbiological contaminants
The most common types of microbiological contaminants in processed fruit and vegetables are salmonella and viruses such as norovirus and Hepatitis A viruses. According to EU legislationsalmonella is an important source of contamination in unpasteurised fruit and vegetable juices. It can be also present in other processed fruit and vegetable products.
Note that since March 2016, four European Union Member States have reported a total of 40 cases of a new Salmonella serotype with an antigenic formula that has never been described before. An epidemiological analytical study discovered that the source were sesame-based products imported from India. Therefore the official border control for sesame seeds and betel leaves imported from India has become stricter.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that norovirus is the most common cause of foodborne illness in Europe with close to 15 million cases each year, causing more than 400 deaths. A common source of norovirus are human hands that are not cleaned well before hand harvesting fruit and vegetables. Also, in several cases it was found that the source of norovirus were vehicles used for the transportation of animals beside transport of fruit.
The WHO estimates that there are 100,000 cases of hepatitis A infection in the European region each year, causing 200 deaths. In the fruit and vegetable processing sector, the major source of hepatitis A are infected pickers and handlers who transmit the virus to products.
Absence of mycotoxins
Mycotoxins are toxic substances produced by fungi commonly known as moulds. It is important to recognise that, although it is primarily food commodities that become contaminated with aflatoxins by mould growth, these toxins are very stable and survive severe processes such as heat treatment.
Control of mycotoxins is best achieved by measures designed to prevent the contamination of crops in the field and during storage, or detection and removal of contaminated material from the food supply chain. For example, colour sorting is often used to remove mouldy nuts from bulk shipments. Density segregation, mechanical separation and the removal of fines and screenings from nut shipments can also be effective measures.
The most common mycotoxin contaminations in the processed fruit and vegetables sector are aflatoxins, ochratoxin A and patulin. In 2017, RASFF issued a total of 601 notifications for nuts and dried fruits: 427 notifications for edible nuts, 145 for dried fruits, 22 for peanuts for feed, and 7 for mixtures of nuts and dried fruits. And this is only the tip of the iceberg, since most controls are conducted by private operators and are not recorded here.
Aflatoxins are the most common mycotoxins found in edible nuts, especially in groundnuts, pistachios and hazelnuts. They are also frequently found in dried figs. Limits have been set for aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2 in most edible nuts and dried fruit.
Ochratoxin A is a mycotoxin most commonly found in dried fruits, especially grapes, but also in grape juice. Ochratoxin A is not easy to prevent as its appearance is connected to climatic conditions. In 2016, there were 25 notifications of high ochratoxin A levels in dried fruit. Note that for some products, ochratoxin A limits may become stricter in the near future. However it is still too early to speak about specific changes, as no concrete proposal is currently available. Discussions have started in June 2017.
Patulin is especially associated with a range of mouldy fruits and vegetables. In particular rotting apples and figs. For different types of fruit juices limits between 10 and 50 μg/kg apply. However patulin is not a very common reason for border rejections, probably because the industry is itself monitoring this sufficiently.
During 2017 the most notified edible nuts were peanuts, with 200 notifications, followed by pistachios (113) and hazelnuts (57). By country of origin, the most frequently notified edible nuts were peanuts from China (21%), pistachios from Iran (12%) and pistachios from the USA (7%). The number of notifications for peanuts from China increased by 56% in 2017 in relation to 2016, as well as the notifications for pistachios from the USA, which had more than doubled.
As for dried fruits, dried figs (75 notifications), dried apricots (40) and dried grapes (25) were the most notified. Dried figs and dried apricots from Turkey were still the most notified, representing 47% and 27% of the total notifications respectively, followed by dried grapes from Turkey (8%). The number of notifications for dried figs, dried apricots and dried grapes from Turkey notably increased by 26%, 30% and 200% respectively, compared to the previous year.
V roce 2007 byl prodej surových mandlí v USA zákonem zakázán. Tento zákon prošel schválením z důvodu vypuknutí epidemie salmonelózy v Kanadě, jejíž původ vystopovali až u pěstitele mandlí v Kalifornii.
Propylenoxid byl již zakázán v Mexiku, Kanadě a v celé EU.
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